In advanced world countries, the need for a smart city is an important requirement. Smart urbanization of cities in terms of economic, social, health & therapy makes the smart city a privileged place for sustainable economic, social, industrial development. In a smart city, issues such as traffic, energy consumption, pollution, land destruction, updating and optimizing urban infrastructure, improving quality of life, and enhancing security are addressed through an innovative approach based on information and communication exchange aimed at optimizing urban management processes.
The smart city has the following basic components and sub-systems of life, such as smart governance, smart energy, smart building, smart mobility, smart infrastructure, smart technology, smart healthcare and, most importantly, smart citizen.
Cities that are designed based on electronic infrastructure will provide people requirements in a smart way using the latest technology in the world today.
Physical infrastructures are the most important and essential requirements for the development of life in smart cities. But today, most cities require more complicated communication tools based on world-class technologies. Smart environment, smart economy, smart transportation and, most importantly, smart citizens are the main criteria of smart cities.